Bernese Mountain Dog (Everything You Need to Know)

Bernese mountain dog

The Bernese mountain dog is a huge working dog breed that originated in Switzerland, having a tricolor, medium-length fur, and a gentle look. Also known as the Berner. These working dogs are loyal and loving friends and are even characteristically good around kids and pets. They are equally playful and active; however, they are not fatiguing and can be defensive but not hostile.

Bernese mountain dog breed overview

GROUP: Working

HEIGHT: 23-26 inches (female) and 25-27.5 inches (male)

WEIGHT: 70-95 pounds (female) and 80-115 pounds (male)

COAT: Dense, medium-length coat

COAT COLOR: Black, rust, or white and black, and white

LIFE Expectancy: 7-10 years

TEMPERAMENT: Kind, even-tempered, faithful


ORIGIN: Switzerland

Features of the Bernese mountain dog

Bernese mountain dogs usually have a good-natured character. Symbols of their characteristics include their kind nature and enthusiasm to please. With appropriate socialization, mountain dogs can be open to summit strangers and are fairly loving with their families.

Affection Level High

Sociability High

Kid-Friendly High

Pet-Friendly High

Exercise Requirements Medium

Liveliness Medium

Energy Level Medium

Trainability High

Brainpower Medium

Tendency to Bark Medium

Shedding Level High

History of the Bernese mountain dog puppies 

Additionally, in the 1800s, these mountain dogs were considered to drive livestock, lookout for farms, and tweak heavy loads. These working dogs also were affectionate friends to their families. 

This breed dropped in admiration toward the completion of the 1800s because of machines substituting them in work. But, that encouraged clubs to form to reserve the breed and recover its acceptance. 

Berners reached America in the 1900s. Besides, the American Kennel Club initially accepted the breed in 1937. Mountain dogs are now frequently one of the most prevalent dog breeds in the state. 



Bernese Mountain dogs are friendly pets who like to be involved in all features of family life, making magnificent companions. They are loving, patient, and particularly good with kids, defending them if required. They are social and be with persons and given love. 

They will usually bark to advise the appearance of visitors; however, they will soon calm down again. If they have been familiarized with cats and other domestic animals once they are young, they will live happily with them.

Furthermore, the Bernese mountain puppy will suit a loving owner who contains space for this calm dog, likes grooming, relishes a warm but not predominantly active friend, and doesn’t mind some dog drool.

Living With

Due to the subsequent size of the breed, a Bernese Mountain dog requires both obedience and domestic manners skilled at a young age. As a dog breed, however, Berners are slow to get matured both physically and emotionally and must not be strapped into training too quickly. Even though they are big, they are “soft” canines and do not perform well with strict corrections.

The fur of the Bernese is profuse and long and contains a bright, ordinary sheen. This attractive coat will need daily brushing to retain it clean and avoid matting. Grooming is suggested after every two weeks.

The Bernese Mountain dog puppy is a keen friend who will like the family everywhere. They flourish on human friendship and will be most pleased if permitted to be a house pooch. Appropriate socialization will aid in guaranteeing that the Bernese Mountain dog is enduring with other canines and with kids.


If you need to buy a Bernese Mountain dog puppy, remember they shed a lot. Expect plenty of grooming. And lots of vacuuming. A Berner’s double-layer fur requires brushing every couple of days and grooming every 4 to 8 weeks.
Besides, training as well as socialization must start early and must highlight positive behavior compared to harsh corrections. Furthermore, Berners are subtle and like to make their owners glad; thus, they have to respond well to encouraging support. Just don’t leave your Berner alone for longer, or they might find trouble.

Bernese mountain dog puppies need moderate exercise and regular training and socialization. Their grooming is suitably straightforward; however, you should be ready for loads of loose hair. 


These mountain dogs have a moderate energy level and require space for their enormous bodies to move as well as play. The goal is for at least 30 minutes of reasonable-intensity exercise daily, for example, brisk walks, rambles, and fetch games. Mountain dogs are fairly athletic dogs and can participate in dog sports, for example, obedience, alertness, tracking, as well as carting. This will aid in testing them both emotionally and physically. 


The Berner contains a double coat, which keeps away dirt and debris well. However, the coat shed a lot. You should brush carefully at least weekly to eliminate loose fur and stop mats. Likewise, the shedding will characteristically upsurge when the weather alters in the spring as well as fall, and regular brushings might be essential to sustain all the loose fur.

Additionally, bathe your dog roughly each month, based on how dirty it becomes. And check to understand whether it requires a nail trim monthly as well. Similarly, examine your mountain dog’s ears every week to see whether they require cleaning. Seek dirt accompanied by any redness, inflammation, or odor in the ears.

Lastly, several Bernese mountain dogs dribble very little; those with loose jowls can dribble slightly. That drool can end up on the pooch, in the house, or on you. Thus, if you have a drooler, retain a cleaning cloth on hand to prevent the drool from inserting into your mountain dog’s coat.



Bernese mountain puppies are bright and keen to please, which aids in making training relaxed. Begin basic obedience as well as socialization once your dog is a pup. This is particularly significant for a large breed such as a Berner because adults are dominant and therefore difficult to handle if they haven’t learned manners. You must expose your pooch to different individuals, other animals, and numerous situations to increase its comfort as well as confidence. 

Mo8untain dogs respond well to reliable and positive training practices, for example, clicker training. They are delicate to harsh changes and might shut down with their training.

Common Health Issues

Bernese mountain dogs have comparatively short lifespans rather than several other breeds, which is roughly to consider before determining to bring one puppy home. Like numerous breeds, this dog is prone to some hereditary conditions, comprising:

  • Hip as well as elbow dysplasia
  • Blood illnesses, containing Von Willebrand’s sickness, in which the dog’s blood doesn’t clot appropriately
  • Cancer
  • Retinal atrophy, a worsening eye infection
  • Bloat, a possibly life-threatening disorder in which the belly bloats and can twist—frequently from consuming too quickly

 Diet and Nutrition

You must provide fresh water to your dog and choose a quality, nutritionally stable canine diet. Berner mountain puppies will benefit from a diet prepared for large dog breeds. These diets have the appropriate nutrition to boost slow as well as steady growth to prevent joint issues and other health problems.

The majority of owners feed meals two times a day. Ask about the diet and amount with your veterinarian to make sure your dog is consuming properly. And ensure treats and additional food don’t let your dog overdoing and get overweight. Extra weight can cause stress on these large dogs’ joints and cause other health issues. 

Fun Facts

  • This dog breed is remarkably robust and can halt ten times their own weight, or approximately 1,000 pounds!
  • Because of their cart-pulling capabilities, Bernese mountain dogs can serve as delivery canines, drawing carts having dairy products and other stuff from one farm to another. Now, they might be expected to flex those abilities for their owners, drawing kids in carts for entertainment.
  • Among the Swiss mountain dogs, only the Bernese dogs have long hair. 
  • Due to small rust-color patterns above Berners’ eyes, these dogs are occasionally called vieräugler (“four eyes”) dogs.

Where to Buy a Bernese mountain dog?


Check native animal shelters as well as breed-specific rescue administrations for a Berner dog in need of your home. If you are seeking a breeder puppy, assume to pay approximately $2,000- $3,000 normally; however, this can vary based upon bloodline and additional factors. 

Bernese mountain dog pros and cons


  • Outstanding family pet
  • Faithful and devoted
  • Active but not fatiguing


  • Moderately short life span because of hereditary illnesses
  • She a lot
  • Some slobber and dribble more

Life expectancy 

Earlier studies have confirmed a comparatively low life expectancy as well as a high occurrence of neoplasia in the Bernese mountain dog. To be sure, they were the most short-lived dogs in 1 research, with a mean lifespan of 6.8 years.

Affection with children

The Berner is an outstanding family pet, and they’re generally gentle and loving with kids who are kind and cautious with animals. As they are large, they can unintentionally knock over very small children.

As with each breed, you must always teach kids how to approach dogs and always manage any interactions amid dogs and young kids to avoid any biting. Teach your kid not to approach any pooch while they’re consuming or sleeping or to attempt to take the puppy’s food away.

The Berner can live with other pets as well; however, the greater the size dissimilarity, the more control, and training needed to keep everybody safe.

Additional Research

Before you choose a Bernese mountain dog, ensure to do a lot of research. Consult other Berner owners, trustworthy breeders, veterinarians, and rescue organizations to learn more. So, if you’re concerned about similar breeds, look into:

  • Great Pyrenees
  • Saint Bernard
  • Newfoundland

There’s a complete world of potential dog breeds—with a little investigation, you can get the right dog breed to bring home!


Q: Is a Bernese mountain dog a good family pet?

Well-known for being loving and good-natured, these dogs are supposed to be one of the least violent dogs towards humans, which makes them outstanding family dogs. Because of their calm spirit and enthusiasm to play, these dogs are brilliant friends for young kids.

Q: Do Bernese mountain dogs smell?

If you are a picky, clean freak, then this dog might not be the pooch for you. Recognize that you will spend a great deal of your time disposing of the heavy dog smell.

References mountain dog: Characteristics & Care) mountain dog)

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