Where do Rottweilers Come From? 7 Interesting Historical Facts


Rottweilers are often instantly recognizable, even by those who prefer small dogs. Although Rottweilers are well known, most people do not know from where do Rottweilers come from. Germany was abandoned by Roman legions during the 2nd century CE, and drover dogs were left behind. This is why many people claim Rottweilers are related to these dogs.

This informative article outlines some fascinating history of this well-loved large dog outlined in. Rottweilers were originally bred for a specific purpose, which we will explore.

Where do Rottweilers Come From? Top 7 Historical Facts


The Rottweiler history dates to 74 AD Rottweil, a city in south-western Germany. Usually, German butchers would consider Rottweilers to dray meat; however, this became less prevalent because of the development of more effective tracks.
Nearing extermination, popularity was chosen during World War I once the Rottweiler worked as police dogs, emissaries, ambulances, as well as draught dogs. Later, Rottweilers got less common because their need wilted almost to disappearance.
Rottweiler statistics rose once they came to America. Then they became an authorized breed recognized for the show by AKC. Rottweilers are a faithful and loving breed beloved in numerous households.

The Rottweiler we know and love today has its roots in drover dogs of the Roman Empire, although there is no documented proof. While the German army used Rottweilers for messenger and ambulance work, as well as draught and guard duties, during World War I.

A breeding pattern emerged that led to an increase in Rottweiler imports from Europe. The Rottweiler breed’s reputation for being vicious and mean is untrue, even though some Rottweilers are seen as attack dogs. Check out historical facts about Rottweilers to learn more about where do Rottweilers come from.

  1. During the Roman invasion of Europe, large legions of soldiers were supplied with cattle as food supplies. For military purposes, drover dogs must be powerful and tough. It is believed that Drovers are descendants of Asian Mastiffs, one of the oldest dog breeds. Currently, these dogs are called Rottweilers.
  2. It is believed that Rottweiler dates back to Roman times, located in southern Germany east of the Black Forest. After the fall of the Roman Empire, driving dogs protected Rottweiler cattle from rustlers by accompanying herds to market.
  3. A drover dog would transport butcher carts full of slaughtered cattle from one town to another after they were slaughtered. To protect the money purses from thieves, the dogs’ collars were tied around the purses after the meat was sold. Rottweiler Metzger Hund, or Rothwell’s Butcher’s Dog, became synonymous with these working dogs during this period.
  4. Rottweilers were a widely used breed until industrialization in the mid-19th century. The railroads replaced dog teams for the transportation of livestock. There was no longer any need for Rottweilers to get livestock to market since cattle herding was outlawed. The Rottweiler population dropped dramatically, almost to the point of extinction, as the breed’s traditional jobs were eliminated.
  5. A whole new range of Rottweiler jobs opened up at the start of the 20th century. In 1910, the Rottweiler dog was given official recognition as Germany’s fourth police dog. Other working dog roles that they played included guard dogs, military dogs, and hunting dogs.
  6. A working dog was no longer the only objective of dog breeding at the turn of the 20th century. As a result of their love and desire to improve the breed standard, breeders who appreciated dogs started cultivating and advancing their favorite breed. Over his long history, the Rottweiler has performed many functions, but his appearance and temperament have remained remarkably unchanged since 1901, when the first German breed standard was established.
  7. The Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK) was formed in 1921 when several German Rottweiler clubs joined together to create a national organization for the breed. The ADRK has strict rules for breed members. Rottweilers with docked tails, for example, will not be recognized as Rottweilers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you tell me what breed of dog makes a Rottweiler?

Dogs like Rottweilers are descendants of the Molossus, which is a type of mastiff. During the Roman conquest of the known world, their ancestors drove cattle from Spain to Germany.

Is the German Rottweiler larger than the American Rottweiler?

There is a slight difference in size between German and American Rottweilers. Rottweiler tails in the United States are docked, while those in Germany are not docked.

Which Rottweiler breed is the best?

Known for its loyalty, affection, and guarding qualities, the American Rottweiler is the best breed of Rottweilers.


So, this was a brief overview of the history of Rottweilers. We hope that after reading the above facts, you will be able to understand where do Rottweilers come from.

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  1. It’s hard to find knowledgeable people on this topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

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